International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH)
The International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH)’s mandate is to act effectively to ensure all the rights laid down in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights are respected. These include civil and political rights, as well as economic, social and cultural ones.
The FIDH is a federation of 141 leagues in 100 countries. It coordinates and supports their activities and provides them with a voice at international level. Like its member organisations, the FIDH has no party or religious affiliation and it is independent vis-à-vis all governments.
The FIDH protects human rights’ defenders and mobilises the international community so that their role is recognized and they are protected as necessary. It gives daily support to victims of torture, war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide by accompanying them during the whole legal process.
The FIDH made a significant contribution to the setting up of the first permanent International Criminal Court, which came into being on July 1, 2002. The FIDH engages in advertising activities and permanent lobbying of intergovernmental organisations. It sets up enquiries, judicial observation missions, and training programmes for human rights’ campaigners.
Through its research the FIDH has proven that the death penalty is applied universally in an unjust and discriminatory way; that it is decreed in conditions that are incompatible with the principles of a fair trial; and that it constitutes a form of torture incompatible with the right to respect for human dignity.