Death penalty and mental illness: “Double Tragedies”
Double Tragedies, a report released on July 6 at the annual convention of the US National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI), calls the death penalty “inappropriate and unwarranted” for people with severe mental disorders and “a distraction from problems within the mental health system that contributed or even directly led to tragic violence.”
The report, which calls for treatment and prevention, not execution, is a joint project of NAMI and World Coalition member organisation Murder Victims’ Families for Human Rights (MVFHR). It is based on extensive interviews with 21 family members from 10 states: California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Tennessee and Texas.
“All our families suffer”
“Family opposition to the death penalty is grounded in personal tragedy,” said MVFHR executive director Renny Cushing. “In the public debate about the death penalty and how to respond in the aftermath of violent crime, these are the voices that need to be heard.”
“Most people with mental illness are not violent,” said NAMI executive director Mike Fitzpatrick. “When violent tragedies occur they are exceptional—because something has gone terribly wrong, usually in the mental health care system. Tragedies are compounded and all our families suffer.”
The report identifies an “intersection” of family concerns and makes four basic recommendations:
- Ban the death penalty for people with severe mental illnesses.
- Reform the mental health care system to focus on treatment and prevention.
- Recognize the needs of families of murder victims through rights to information and participation in criminal or mental health proceedings.
- Families of executed persons also should be recognized as victims and given the assistance due to any victims of traumatic loss.
At least 100 people with mental illness have been put to death in the United States and hundreds more are awaiting execution.