Abolitionist for all crimesLegal status of the death penalty*

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on 30 November 2023


Fair Trial

Intellectual Disability

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國際法和各國法律禁止對精神病人或發展和智能障礙者判處死刑,因為他們在 自我辯護時面臨特殊阻礙;有限的道德可非難性;及其理解死刑執行性質和原 因之能力下降。然而,由於在刑事訴訟程序缺乏調整(accommodation)和法律 保障,精神病人、發展和智能障礙者更可能遭剝奪公平審判權,並判處死刑。 此外如研究顯示,個人遭判處死刑、囚於死牢時,往往罹患精神疾病。死刑不 成比例地影響身心發展和智能障礙者。在防免精神病人、發展和智能障礙者判 處死刑,精神科醫師影響至關重大。除評估並告知法院有可能被判處或執行死 刑者之個人精神狀態,精神科醫師亦結合醫學與科學論據,協同制定相關法 律;精神科醫師亦為死刑犯和精神病人、發展和智能障礙者提供治療。職是, 本聲明旨在防免對精神病人或發展和智能障礙者判處死刑。

Maitreyi Misra,國立德里法律大學 (National Law University Delhi) 39A 專案 主任 (專攻心理健康和刑事司法)。
Namrata Sinha,國立德里法律大學 39A 專案研究助理 (心理健康和刑事司 法)。
Neeraj Gill,坎培拉大學健康研究所研究員 (Health Research Institute, University of Canberra)、格里菲斯大學藥學院 (Griffith University, School of Medicine,澳洲黃金海岸)。
Soumitra Pathare,精神醫學諮詢專家,印度法律社會學院心理健康法律和政 策中心主任(Director, Centre for Mental Health Law and Policy, ILS Law College,浦那 Pune)。
Afzal Javed,世界精神醫學會主席。


World Psychiatric Association position statement mental health and the death penalty

By World Psychiatric Association, on 30 November 2023

Arguments against the death penalty

Fair Trial

Intellectual Disability

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International law and laws of various countries prohibit the imposition of the death penalty on persons
with mental illness or developmental and intellectual disabilities due to the special barriers faced by
them in defending themselves; their limited moral culpability; and their diminished ability to
understand the nature and reason for their execution. However, due to lack of accommodations in
criminal proceedings and legal safeguards, persons with mental illness, developmental and intellectual
disabilities are at a greater risk of being sentenced to death and having their fair trial rights denied.

Maitreyi Misra, Director (Mental Health and Criminal Justice), Project 39A, National Law University
Namrata Sinha, Research Associate (Mental Health and Criminal Justice), Project 39A, National Law
University Delhi.
Neeraj Gill, Professor, Health Research Institute, University of Canberra and Griffith University,
School of Medicine, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia.
Soumitra Pathare, Consultant Psychiatrist, Director, Centre for Mental Health Law and Policy, ILS
Law College, Pune.
Afzal Javed, President, World Psychiatric Association.


كتيب – اليوم العالمي 2023

on 2 October 2023


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منشور بمناسبة اليوم العالمي الحادي والعشرين لمناهضة عقوبة الإعدام (2023) حول التعذيب وعقوبة الإعدام.


Fiche détaillée – Journée mondiale 2023

By Coalition mondiale contre la peine de mort, on 2 October 2023


Coalition mondiale

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Fiche détaillée sur le lien entre la torture et la peine de mort, à
l’occasion de la 21e Journée mondiale contre la peine de mort.

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